Monday, February 10, 2014

Árpádhon Named Largest Hungarian Settlement, Albany, Louisiana, 1950

Blogger's Note:  After hearing stories from farming families who had tended the land for generations, Albany Woodworks CEO Richard Woods learned that our Antique Heart Pine and Cypress flooring and millwork, built in the traditional way, has deep roots.  Fantastic, adventure-filled stories about the area's lumber-rich past piqued his interest.  It wasn't until finding photographs and first-hand accounts of the time that stories of the larger-than-life cypress barons who carved the lumber industry from their native forests; became, no longer legend, but fact.  Richard has gotten a sense of the area, after living and running a sawmill on the same rich 40 acre plot of land for over 37 years, near the Town of Albany, Louisiana.  And of the story; Hungarian farmers who traveled from their homeland at the height of the Ellis Island immigration of the 1890s to have better opportunity in America, and more specifically, Árpádhon, the cultural home, and Hungarian settlement from which sprang the town of Albany, Louisiana - our namesake.

Árpádhon - The Largest Rural Hungarian Settlement in the United States featured in the March 1950 issue of Louisiana News Digest:


"(Above) B&W photo, 1950. Hungarians in Albany, Louisiana. Written on photo: Couples dance Hungarian 'Czardas' Louisiana-style. Dancers garbed in Hungarian folk costume perform the 'Old Country's' traditional czardas and other Magyar dances at the Hungarian Harvest Festival at the town of Albany, Louisiana, largest rural Hungarian settlement in the United States.


The czardas begins with slow, deliberate movements and ends in a fast, exciting whirl of skilled dancers. The Harvest Festival, which in Hungary marks the end of the grape season, honors the preceding strawberry season, for here in Southeast Louisiana is the nation's leading strawberry-producing region.

(Below) B&W photo, 1950. Hungarians in Albany, Louisiana. Rev. Alexander Bartus and friend inspect strawberries near Albany."


Core to the Hungarian Settlement in Albany, Louisiana was strawberries.  Farmers for generations, the Hungarians found that the strawberry plant took well to the soil and mild climate of the area.  

From the Árpádhon Hungarian Settlement Cultural Association website:


"Agriculture became the foundation of economic life for the Hungarians, and strawberries became the primary money crop of the community. By the 1930s, raising strawberries became the largest agricultural endeavor in Livingston Parish. Some people felt the 'Hungarians... had a knack of picking berries at just the right time so that theirs looked better than the others.'  


The name 'Árpádhon' gradually faded from use as many began to refer to the area as Hungarian Settlement. By 1935, this community contained about two hundred Hungarian families (fifteen hundred people)."


Traditional Harvest Festival costume and dance still celebrate the cultural heritage of the early settlers of Albany, Louisiana.  Photos courtesy of the State Library of Louisiana.