Friday, October 2, 2015

Exploring the Architecture of New Orleans PT 2

In our last blog, we explored the creole cottage and american townhouse styles of houses in New Orleans. We continue our adventure in to the world of New Orleans' architecture that helps make the city one of the most unique places in the US.

(Picture Above) The quintessential look of the French Quarter in the form of a Creole Townhouse.

The Creole Townhouse is probably the most iconic building style in New Orleans. Take a walk down the streets of the French Quarter and most of the buildings you see are built in this style. Creole townhouses were built after the Great New Orleans Fire in 1788, the fire that destroyed 850 of the 1100 buildings in New Orleans at the time. The prior wooden buildings were mainly replaced with Creole Townhouses with courtyards, thick walls, arcades, and cast-iron balconies. The facade of the building sits on the property line, with an asymmetrical arrangement of arched openings. Creole townhouses have a steeply-pitched roof with parapets, side-gabled, with several roof dormers and strongly show their French and Spanish influence. The exterior is made of brick or stucco.

As the city of New Orleans expanded with wealthy newcomers, the Garden District was developed and one of the main building styles was the Double Gallery House. Double-gallery houses were built in New Orleans between 1820 and 1850. Double-gallery houses are two-story houses with a side-gabled or hipped roof. The house is set back from the property line, and it has a covered two-story gallery which is framed and supported by columns supporting the entablature. The façade has an asymmetrical arrangement of its openings. These homes were built as a variation on the American townhouses. A famous example of a Double Gallery House is renowned author Anne Rice's home (pictured above).